Monday, July 26, 2021

Category: Health

SAGE expert warns peak of the third wave could last six weeks in threat to British summer

The summer Covid peak could last for six weeks after lockdown rules ease and put a “considerable burden” on the NHS, a Government SAGE expert has said.

Professor Graham Medley, who chairs the modelling group SPI-M, warned of the challenges facing the health service with the pinnacle of the third wave of the virus expected to continue for weeks. null

Daily deaths could soar to 100 to 200 at the peak, with between 1,000 and 2,000 hospitalisations per day, the Government’s scientific advisers have predicted.

But uncertainty about how quickly people will return to their pre-pandemic habits has left experts unsure about the size of the next wave.

Boris Johnson confirmed plans to press ahead with lifting England’s remaining lockdown rules on July 19 but the PM urged people to exercise caution with their newfound freedoms.

There is some disquiet in Westminster about the decision to axe restrictions while cases remain high, with Health Secretary Sajid Javid admitting infections could soar to 100,000 a day.

But he told MPs that vaccines had weakened the link between cases and hospitalisations and expressed confidence that the jab would protect people from a serious illness.

Prof Medley told BBC Radio 4’s Today Programme: “We’ve never seen a peak before that hasn’t been controlled.

“The intention is not to introduce a lockdown for this peak. Then we are going to see a natural peak and that may well take long and disseminated.

What is monkeypox and what are its symptoms after cases found in the UK

Health Secretary Matt Hancock told MPs today that the UK is currently dealing with an outbreak of monkeypox.

The news arrives as two people continue to be monitored after the virus was identified in North Wales.

It has caused unease across the UK as the world continues to fight against the coronavirus outbreak.

Monkeypox often starts with a rash before red spots appear and spread across the body, turning into red bumps filled with fluid.

These are often accompanied by flu-like symptoms such as high temperature, muscle aches and swollen glands.

But transmission of the disease is “limited”, the World Heath Organisation has said

What is monkeypox?

Monkeypox is zoonosis – meaning it is transmitted from animals to humans.

Some people can develop more serious symptoms and it can be fatal.

According to the NHS, monkeypox is usually a mild illness that will get better on its own without treatment.

What are the symptoms?

There are a number of symptoms to look out for.

A high temperature and headache are just two, doctors tell us.

Muscle ache, backache as well as swollen glands can also be a condition.

Chills and exhaustion are also to be looked out for.

How do you contract monkeypox?

It does not spread easily between people, medics say,

But there are a number of possible ways to catch, they warn.

Touching items like clothing, bedding or towels that has been used by an infected person is one example.

You can also be infected by touching monkeypox spots or scabs.

If someone with it coughs or sneezes near you is also a way of contracting the disease.

UK Covid cases soar by 74% in last week with highest daily jump since February

The number of coronavirus cases in the UK has risen by 74% since this time last week with another 7,540 infections recorded.

Today’s increase was the highest daily jump since the end of February, when 8,523 cases were reported on February 26.

Another six deaths were recorded today, the latest government data shows, a decrease from last Wednesday June 2 when 12 more deaths were reported nationwide.

The UK’s daily case numbers then rose by 4,330 – rising by more than one-third compared to the same day the previous week, when 3,180 cases were reported.

Today’s figures come as Boris Johnson said it was too early to say if England’s lockdown can end on June 21 as data on whether the vaccine rollout offers enough protection from the rapid spread of the Delta coronavirus variant is still being assessed.

The PM warned the vaccine rollout may not be enough to go ahead with unlocking on June 21.

And Professor Neil Ferguson, from Imperial College London, whose modelling was instrumental to the UK locking down in March 2020, said that new modelling data submitted to the Government suggests a risk of “a substantial third wave” of coronavirus infections in the UK.

Startups fight COVID-19: Innovative alert solution from Sugatix to search and schedule an alert for COVID-19 vaccination slots in India

The battle of Corona pandemic can only be won by Vaccination. Getting the right vaccine at the right time is necessary. But due to a large population in India and shortage of vaccines, it became difficult to get the vaccine early. 

Don’t worry!

Many startups are helping Indian citizens and one of them is Car-pooling startup Sugatix. They have launched ‘Vaccine Tracker Cowin’ to help you in finding Covid-19 Vaccination slots in your locality. 

Founder of Sugatix Gaurav K. Verma said ” It gets difficult for vaccination registration as only one platform is available for the whole country then we realized the need to build this platform. Thus people can get notification when the slots are available, they can select the slot and it redirects them to the Cowin website to book the Vaccination slot”.

Vaccine Tracker Cowin built with Cowin APIs to track the slots. Users will get the notification by mail after registering. This platform currently has 1349 users from more than 200 districts across the country. NRIs from the UK, Germany, USA, Poland, UAE, and Japan can book the slots for their family staying in India as well.

Challenges at Vaccination sites like Cowin & How Sugatix helps you to overcome these challenges?

People are jumping the vaccine line to get the early shot. Vaccination sites are getting up their speed to schedule the people and verifying if they are eligible for vaccination or not.

  • Vaccination site like Cowin has a lack scheduling system to get the verification done. 
  • A large number of people are waiting for their slot and keep checking every day.
  • People don’t have a clear idea of how to get the shot at the right time at the right place.

To overcome these challenges, Sugatix a Car-pooling application came up with a ‘Vaccine Tracker’ Cowin in which you can get your Vaccination slot when it’s available. 

How to get Covid-19 Vaccination early with Sugatix?

Sugatix’s online platform Vaccine Tracker Cowin helps to schedule the location and get the notification via email when a slot is available. With this app, you can get the appointment soon and Vaccination in place.

About Vaccine Tracker Cowin:

This platform is trusted by hundreds of Indians and verified by the Ministry of health and family welfare. Sugatix introduced this with the collaboration of the Ministry of health and family welfare and Uthaan to get the people of Indian Vaccination shot fast. 

Direction to use this platform:

  • Visit Vaccine tracker Cowin website. You will see the email address area. Put the email address and get started.
  • Schedule the alert with a particular date and what type of vaccine you want- first and second dose. Also, choose 18+, or 45+ as well.
  • You will see real-time availability of vaccine slots. Also, put a watch list on 3 locations according to your choice.
  • They will keep your request and will look for available slots. Then they will send you a notification for available slots.

Visit the website and get your Vaccination soon!

Ablation is a solution for hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism occurs when the gland produces too much thyroxine, which can cause a rapid metabolism, unintended weight loss, and a fast and irregular heartbeat.

There are many methods of treating hyperthyroidism. Doctors use anti-thyroid drugs and radioactive iodine to slow down thyroid hormone production. Sometimes the treatment includes surgery to remove all or part of the thyroid gland.

Although hyperthyroidism can be dangerous if you ignore it, most people respond well once the condition is diagnosed and treated.

Hyperthyroidism can mimic other health problems, which may make it difficult for your doctor to diagnose them.It can also cause a wide range of signs and symptoms, including:

Unintended weight loss
Accelerated heartbeat
Abnormal heart rhythm
Heart palpitations
Binge eating
Nervousness, anxiety and irritability
Changes in menstrual patterns
Excessive sensitivity to heat
Changes in bowel movement patterns
An enlarged thyroid gland (goiter)
Fatigue, muscle weakness
Difficulty sleeping
Thinning of the skin
Thin and brittle hair
Older adults are likely to have no subtle signs, symptoms, or symptoms, such as increased heart rate, heat intolerance, and feeling tired during normal activities.

Risk factors
Risk factors for hyperthyroidism include:

Family history, especially Graves’ disease
Being female
Personal history of certain chronic diseases such as type 1 diabetes, pernicious anemia and primary adrenal insufficiency
Hyperthyroidism can lead to a number of complications, including:

Heart problems
Fragile bones
Eye problems
Redness and swelling of the skin
A bout of thyrotoxicosis
There are many treatments for hyperthyroidism. Determining the most appropriate approach for you depends on your age, physical condition, the underlying cause of the hyperthyroidism, as well as personal preferences and the severity of the disorder. Possible treatments include:

Radioactive iodine.
Anti-thyroid medications.
Beta blockers.
Surgery (thyroidectomy).

Young people are a victim of the second wave of Corona in India

In India, the number of young people and children who have claimed their lives a new wave of the Coronavirus is sweeping the country, according to what was reported by the French Press Agency, “Agence France Presse,” Sunday.

Some doctors suggest that the reason why people under the age of 45 are more vulnerable is that they go out to work and eat meals outside the home more than those who are older, but there is no conclusive evidence for this.

Young adults may be more susceptible to a new mutated version known as a “double mutation” found in 60% of samples in Maharashtra, which is the hardest hit.

India swept through a new epidemic wave, resulting in a million confirmed infections, within a week, and shook the authorities.

And officials in India at the beginning of the year believed that the country had defeated the epidemic, amid the launch of a massive vaccination campaign.

Residents neglected the wearing of masks and social distancing, with huge crowds taking part in religious festivals and election rallies.

But in hospitals, doctors sounded the alarm against the background of the high number of cases, amid a new phenomenon represented by the admission of more young people to hospitals, due to their infection with the disease, which has always been considered more dangerous for the older groups.

Children in hospitals
And in a country where 65% of the population is under 35 years old, there is growing concern about the impact of the epidemic on young people.

New Delhi Prime Minister Arvind Kejriwal reported that 65% of new patients are under the age of 45.

While the Indian Medical Research Agency does not have a demographic classification of cases, doctors in major cities confirm that more young patients are being transferred to hospitals.

What happens to the lung of a person infected with Coronavirus?

Although the new Corona virus has infected more than 1.27 million people worldwide, 80% of these cases have mild symptoms.

The World Health Organization confirmed that 80% of the injured recover, noting that every 6 infected person suffers from severe symptoms that reach pneumonia.

Dr. Gon Wilson, president-elect of the Australian Royal College of Physicians and a respiratory physician, in turn, assured the “Guardian” newspaper that all serious infections of the Coronavirus suffer from pneumonia.

Wilson added that people who contract the virus can be classified into four categories, the first being people who are infected with the virus but do not have symptoms, and it is the least dangerous.

And the second category is those who are infected with the virus and its symptoms in the upper respiratory tract such as fever, cough, and headache, and these are able to transmit the infection without knowledge.

As for the third category, it represents the largest number of people infected with the Coronavirus, and they are the people with whom the virus develops to become more like seasonal influenza and are unable to work, so it requires their transfer to hospitals.

While the fourth category includes people with pneumonia.

Wilson pointed out that in Wuhan, China, the epicenter of the virus outbreak, a study found that among those who tested positive for the virus, nearly 6% had severe symptoms.

While the World Health Organization has confirmed that the elderly and people who suffer from underlying problems such as high blood pressure, heart and lung problems or diabetes, are more likely to develop serious diseases.

How does pneumonia develop?
As for the stages of development of the infection, Wilson emphasized that the symptoms of fever and coughing for a person with Coronavirus occur as a result of the virus reaching the respiratory tree, which are the air passages that connect air between the lungs and the outside.

He said that viruses infect the lining of the respiratory system and cause a wound in it, which causes inflammation, and this, in turn, irritates the nerves in the lining of the airway, and it appears in the radiation as a patch of dust, which causes coughing.

He added: “If this worsens, which is what happens in the fourth category, it goes beyond the lining of the airway and goes to the gas exchange units, which are at the end of the airways. If these units are injured, they respond by pouring an inflammatory substance into the air sacs located in the Bottom of the lungs. “

He stressed that if the air sacs become inflamed, this causes an “influx of inflammatory materials (fluids and inflammatory cells) into the lungs and ends up with pneumonia, and thus the lung becomes unable to get enough oxygen into the bloodstream, which reduces the body’s ability to absorb oxygen and get rid of carbon dioxide, and ultimately cause death.

He also stressed that this pneumonia differs from the rest of pneumonia caused by viruses and bacteria, indicating that there is evidence that pneumonia caused by Covid-19 may be severe.

He added that this inflammation affects all parts of the lungs, not small parts, as known infections do.

He said that as soon as we have an infection in the lung, our bodies try to respond, and they struggle to destroy the virus and limit its reproduction, but this response weakens between one person and another, including the elderly and people who suffer from heart, lung, liver, kidney and diabetes diseases, and therefore these are considered The groups most at risk from the virus.

As for the treatment for this infection, said Dr. Christine Jenkins, President of the Australian Lung Foundation and a respiratory physician: “Unfortunately, we do not yet have anything that can prevent people from contracting pneumonia caused by the Coronavirus.”

She added: “Scientists are already testing all kinds of drugs and we hope to discover that there are different combinations of viral and antiviral drugs that can be effective, but at the present time, there is no existing treatment other than supportive treatment, which is what we provide to people in intensive care.”

She said: “We put the patient on respirators to maintain high levels of oxygen in the body so that the lung can function normally again and recover.”

Vitamin C: benefits, sources, and dosages

Vitamin C is known scientifically as ascorbic acid, which is a watery acid, that is, it dissolves in water and is not stored in the body and the body cannot produce it, as it is obtained from plant and animal food sources or from nutritional supplements and is one of the most important vitamins for the human body Because of its benefits for growth, neurotransmitters, disease control, and more. Below, we will discuss the benefits of vitamin C, its forms, and what is its link to reducing infection with the Coronavirus, known as Covid 19.

Vitamin C benefits:
Vitamin C contains many health benefits that make it one of the most important vitamins that must be consumed or available in our diet, and these benefits are as follows: Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant that strengthens the body’s natural defenses, by protecting cells from harmful particles. These are called free radicals, and their accumulation in the body leads to oxidative stress associated with many chronic diseases such as diabetes, arterial disease, blood pressure, and others. It helps the body fight infections. It is one of the vitamins useful for high blood pressure, which causes heart disease, which is the main cause of death worldwide, as vitamin C helps the body reduce blood pressure, and there are studies that prove that taking a vitamin C supplement reduces systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure in healthy adults. Vitamin C works to reduce attacks of gout, which is painful arthritis that occurs when the body accumulates uric acid (waste products that the body gets rid of) in the blood, which crystallizes in the joints, causing severe pain to the owner.

Vitamin C in this case reduces uric acid in the blood, and thus reduces gout attacks for people who are susceptible to it. Vitamin C improves the absorption of iron that is difficult for the body to absorb, such as iron consumed from sources other than meat, and it also reduces the risk of iron deficiency, which is necessary for the work of red blood cells and the transport of oxygen throughout the body, and thus reduces the risk of anemia.

Vitamin C boosts the immune system in the body, as it helps to produce white blood cells known as lymphocytes and macrophages that protect the human body from infection in general. Vitamin C helps white blood cells work more effectively and protects them from damage by harmful particles such as free radicals. Vitamin C is an essential part of the skin’s defense system, as it reduces wrinkles and works to delay the signs of aging. It gives the skin a brighter and more vibrant look, which makes women mainly use vitamin C serum in their skincare routine.

Taking vitamin C helps skin wounds heal faster. Taking vitamin C from foods and supplements prevents memory and thinking disorders, according to Daily Medical Info.

Global Health: The number of injuries and deaths caused by Corona has decreased

The World Health Organization announced that the number of new infections with the Coronavirus in the world decreased by 16%, last week, to nearly 2.7 million cases.

On Tuesday, the UN agency revealed new figures, using data issued until Sunday, stating that the number of registered deaths decreased by 10% compared to the previous week, reaching 81,000 deaths.

Five of the six regions that released data reported a decline in the number of injuries, and the eastern Mediterranean region alone recorded an increase of 7%.

The spread of mutated copies
The Director-General of the World Health Organization, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, announced that “the number of new infections decreased for the fifth week in a row, dropping by about half compared to five million injuries recorded in the fourth week of January.”

He said, “This shows that mere public health measures give results, even in light of the spread of mutated copies of the virus.”

He added, “What matters now is the way in which we will respond to this trend. The fire has not been extinguished, but rather we have reduced its size. If we stop fighting it on any front, it will return with force.”

What is sclerosing mesentery?

Sclerosing mesentery, also called panniculitis mesenteric panniculitis, occurs when the mesenteric tissue that holds the small intestine in place becomes inflamed and forms scar tissue.

Sclerosing mesenteritis is a rare condition and it is not clear what causes it, as it can cause abdominal pain, vomiting, bloating, diarrhea and fever, but there are some people who do not show any symptoms and signs of the disease and may not need treatment.

In rare cases, scar tissue formed by sclerosing mesentery can prevent food from moving through the digestive tract, in which case surgery may be required.

Symptoms of sclerosing mesentery include abdominal pain with vomiting, bloating, diarrhea, and fever. Sometimes sufferers have no symptoms, and there is no known cause of the infection.

The diagnosis
Tests and procedures used to diagnose sclerosing mesenteritis include:

Physical examination: With a physical examination, your doctor will look for clues and signs that help determine your prognosis. For example, having sclerosing mesenteritis often causes a lump in the upper part of your abdomen that you can feel during a physical examination.

Imaging: Imaging tests of your abdomen may reveal that you have sclerosing mesenteritis. These tests may include a CT scan or an MRI.

Taking a sample of tissue for testing (biopsy): Your doctor may recommend a biopsy of your tissues to rule out any other diseases and make a final diagnosis, in case you have signs and symptoms of MS, and the biopsy sample may be taken by inserting a long needle into your skin or during Surgery.

While you are receiving care for another condition that may be diagnosed as having sclerosing mesenteritis, if you are not in any pain from having it, you may not need treatment. Instead, your doctor may recommend periodic imaging tests to monitor your condition.

If signs and symptoms of sclerosing mesentery begin to appear, you have the option to start treatment.

Medicines for sclerosing mesenteritis aim to control inflammation and may include:

Corticosteroids: Corticosteroids, such as prednisone, help control inflammation. It can be used on its own, but it is usually combined with other medicines, and it is not used for more than 3 to 4 months due to its side effects.

Hormonal therapy: Hormonal treatments, such as tamoxifen, may slow the growth of scar tissue, and tamoxifen (Soltamox) is usually combined with corticosteroids or other drugs and can be used long term. Tamoxifen increases the risk of blood clots forming, and it is usually taken with aspirin daily to reduce this risk, and progesterone (Prometrium) can be used instead of tamoxifen, and that also has significant side effects.

Other medicines: Several other medicines are used to treat sclerosing mesentery, such as azathioprine (Imuran, Azasan), colchicine (Colcris, Metiger), cyclophosphamide, and thalidomide (Thalomide).

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