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Monday, July 26, 2021

Month: June 2021

Video of the goal of shaking the goal and his goalkeeper from a distance of more than 45 meters

A football player managed to score a rare and difficult goal, by shooting the ball strong and high from exactly half the field, that is, from 49.7 yards, equivalent to 45.4 meters, at a time when the goalkeeper was some meters away from his goal.

And when the goalkeeper, David Marshall, alerted, and found the ball coming towards him quickly, he tried as much as possible to catch it to return it, but it was faster than him to his goal, so he threw himself into the goal, and tore his net himself, as we see in the displayed video.

The match between the Czech Republic and Scotland at Hampden Park in the Scottish capital, Glasgow, was part of the European Football Championship on Monday, when the Czech player Patrik Schick scored his historic goal, ending the match with a second goal he scored, and the result was 2-0 in favor of the Czechs over Scotland.

Argentina is satisfied with a draw with Chile

Once again, Argentina was unable to win over Chile and was content with a 1-1 draw in the opening campaign of the two teams in the Copa America in Brazil.

Lionel Messi scored a goal from one of his distinctive free-kicks in the first half, but Eduardo Vargas responded with a goal in favor of Chile as the two teams tied in Rio de Janeiro on Monday.

When the two teams met in the World Cup qualifiers earlier this month, Chilean goalkeeper Claudio Bravo saved one of Messi’s free kicks in an acrobatic manner, and another hit the goal frame, but this time the Barcelona player excelled and fired a superb shot into the top corner from 25 meters in the 33rd minute.

Although they beat Argentina on penalties in the 2015 and 2016 Copa America finals, Chile has never beaten their neighbors in a 90-minute match in this tournament, and their task became more difficult after Messi opened the scoring.

“Bitcoin” faces an unknown fate in America… Why?

Just a few months ago, crypto enthusiasts were hoping that Washington would turn to digital assets. But recent cyberattacks demanding ransom for Bitcoin, sharp trading, and reprimands from regulators have undermined this optimism.

The timing couldn’t be worse, as policymakers prepare to make a number of critical judgments about virtual tokens in the coming months, decisions that could reveal how deep the gap the industry must exit. The approval of a Bitcoin ETF is likely on track, with crypto funds allowed and banking licenses granted to financial firms.

For Bitcoin proponents, the setbacks are fueling concern that one of their top priorities will be subject to a ban by federal agencies, and tougher oversight action from lawmakers. Evidence is mounting that Congress is moving in this direction, with Senator Mark Warner, Democrat of Virginia, saying last month that cryptocurrencies “call for some level of regulation,” and Senator Elizabeth Warren reiterated that view last Wednesday.

“Honestly, regulators and Congress are late in timing and short on money,” the Massachusetts Democrat said in an interview with Bloomberg Television. “We need to catch up with the direction these cryptocurrencies are going.”

The harsh correction began in May when Securities and Exchange Commission Chairman Gary Gensler urged lawmakers to pass a law regulating cryptocurrency exchanges, arguing that the lack of oversight posed a serious threat to US investors. The comments shocked Bitcoin proponents who had speculated that Gensler would be an ally, since, unlike most government officials, he is well versed in virtual currencies.

Fuel shortage
The Colonial Pipeline hack, which caused fuel shortages across the eastern US, and, as in previous breaches, demanded a ransom payment in Bitcoin, highlighted the ramifications of cryptocurrencies on national security. Long gas pipelines are also expected to attract the attention of lawmakers, and the scrutiny could worry some on Wall Street about embracing more assets that are routinely linked to illicit transactions.

The Department of Justice has recovered most of the tokens paid by Colonial by tracking transactions in Bitcoin’s public registry, demonstrating how the technology can help law enforcement agencies. However, Senator Warren said the main advantage of cryptocurrencies is that they allow people to secretly transfer money, making coins a “haven for criminals.”

Warren’s view was recalled on Wednesday when JBS USA revealed it had paid $11 million to pirates who forced the world’s largest meat producer to shut down all of its US beef plants.

There is another problem, as Bitcoin has lost more than a third of its value since early May, and a series of negative tweets by Elon Musk contributed to the drop, assuring crypto critics that token prices are extremely volatile and easily influenced by social media, becoming unsafe for inexperienced investors. . The frenzy associated with non-fungible tokens and Dogecoin – a cryptocurrency created as a joke – has amplified these fears.

“We cannot deny the potential impact of negative media narratives on regulatory and legislative conversations in the capital in the short term,” said Kristen Smith, executive director of the Blockchain Association trade group.

Much of the funding into crypto is based on Gensler, who previously taught cryptocurrency courses at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology because the US Securities and Exchange Commission will determine whether a Bitcoin ETF becomes traded on US exchanges.

Change the rules of the game
The fund is seen as a game-changer, as it will allow investors to trade in and out of the world’s most popular cryptocurrency throughout the day without putting them at risk of having to hoard their tokens.

By adding another layer of security, consumers can buy ETF shares from strictly regulated brokers instead of buying bitcoin from unregulated exchanges. Mutual funds and institutional investors can pump more money into crypto assets through ETFs.

A spokeswoman for the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) declined to comment.

Under Guy Clayton, Gensler’s predecessor, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) banned several exchange-traded fund applications, arguing that Bitcoin is too volatile and prone to manipulation.

Stephen Miro, a former Treasury Department official during the George W. Bush administration, said Gensler’s comments about crypto exchanges’ lack of protection for investors suggested he might share some of those concerns.

“It was a big turnaround four months ago when everyone said: Gensler taught a cryptocurrency course at MIT,” said Miro, managing partner at Beacon Policy Advisors, which tracks regulatory and legislative proposals, and is based in Washington. So we will get all our requests approved.”

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is facing a June 17 deadline on one of the proposals to list an exchange-traded fund from VanEck Associates Corp, one of several applications it is considering. The agency was previously postponed

Ambiguity surrounds the fate of the “crude oil” agreement between Lebanon and Iraq

Lebanon is officially informed of the decision of the Iraqi Council of Ministers about doubling the amount of oil that the Iraqi government had approved for Lebanon, from 500,000 tons to one million tons annually.

The Iraqi Council of Ministers had voted unanimously to support Lebanon with crude oil and to increase it from 500 thousand tons to one million tons, with a promise that the decision would be implemented as quickly as possible, given the urgent need for this support to Lebanon, because it is going through unusual circumstances.

Lebanese President Michel Aoun thanked officials in Iraq for the decision to double the amount of crude oil allocated to his country, through a tweet published by the official account on Twitter.

In Lebanon as well as outside it, observers see in the proposed deal a factional benefit that secures the continuity of the ruling system and postpones its complete collapse when it will be unable to provide basic services such as electricity and oil, especially since the agreement does not represent a sustainable plan but rather a temporary solution that carries with it more political goals than is in the interest of the citizens.

In the morning, oil expert Anas Al-Hajji tweeted on his Twitter account, commenting, “What does Michel Aoun mean by oil? If he means crude oil, there are no refineries in Lebanon, so how can refining take place, and if he means gasoline or diesel, Iraq does not export either of them.”

Al-Hajji added, “The only thing that remains is fuel oil, and this means the most inferior type of fuel oil, which is prohibited from being used in many countries of the world.”

The Lebanese Parliament had approved at the end of March a loan to purchase fuel needed to generate electricity representing 500,000 tons of oil, about 3.5 million barrels, i.e. the volume of Iraq’s daily oil exports. The agreement also includes “cooperation in the field of hospital management and medical training.” Lebanese experts and specialized medical teams will participate in it, which will contribute to the management of new institutions and “medical cities” in Iraq, according to what the National News Agency reported in mid-April.

Ambiguity

The Lebanese expert in the field of oil and gas and director of the Institute for Governance of Natural Resources, Dr. Laurie Haytayan told: “Sky News Arabia” that all this agreement is nothing but a “patching” of the problem that Lebanon suffers from in terms of its oil needs.

She added: “Between finding a way to import its oil needs directly, and between importing crude oil with certain facilities, and then looking for someone to repeat it for him and have to meet Iraq’s needs for medical services, while Lebanon already needs those services and is unable to secure its needs of equipment and medical staff that it needs.” migrate and a near-collapse of the health sector.”

“How can Lebanon provide medical services to Iraq when there is no medicine or a hospital bed for a patient?” asked Haytayan.

“The agreement is basically not appropriate, neither for Lebanon nor for Iraq, and there is ambiguity surrounding it,” Haitian said.

And she added, “There is confusion over what will come to us from Iraq. Is it crude oil or is it fuel? And if crude oil arrives, how will it be repeated?”

She added: “The problem with Iraqi fuel is that it contains 4% sulfur, and what is used in Lebanon must contain 1%, but if the importer is crude oil, we cannot benefit from it effectively, as it requires research on the way in which Lebanon will refine it.” The oil refineries in Lebanon are out of order, which requires securing a way to refine it outside Lebanon, either in Iraq or through a third party.

A discovery that astounds scientists .. a “fabric” from the Viking era

A small piece of brown embroidered woolen fabric recently found in Norway, which may be considered by some at first glance as a neglected piece of fabric, but in fact it is a discovery that astonished archaeologists, as it dates back to the Viking era, nearly a thousand years ago.

The Viking Age is an important period in European history, especially Northern Europe and Scandinavian history, extending from the late eighth century to the eleventh century. Through war and trade, the Norwegian Vikings roamed Europe from the north to the southern Mediterranean.

About the astonishing discovery, archaeologist Ruth Erin Owen at the University Museum at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology says: “Finding embroidered tapestries from the Viking age is so unusual that you can’t believe it’s real.

She continues: “Those who work in the field of antiquities are happy if they find a piece of cloth that is a centimeter by a centimeter, but in this case we have approximately 11 centimeters of fabric remains, and the discovery of the embroidery process itself is quite unique.”

The discovery was so unique that Oyan couldn’t believe what she saw through the eye of a microscope. “Viking embroidered textiles are something we only know from a few stately tombs, such as Oseberg and Mammengraven in Denmark,” she says.

Unusual grave

Scientists found the fabric in the grave of a woman in Hestenes in the southern Trondelag county, Norway, during excavations in 2020. The grave dates to approximately 850-950, in the middle of the Viking Age.

The deceased woman was placed in a wooden burial chamber in a tall mound above the grave, this type of grave being unusual in central Norway.

“The chamber tombs are mainly found in Birka and Scania (today’s Skåne) in Sweden, in the former Danish regions, southeastern parts of Norway, and Hedeby in today’s Germany,” says archaeologist Raymond Sauvage and director of the excavation project.

According to the director of the excavation project, the funerary finds that were found are out of the ordinary. The woman was buried with a three-lobed brooch, a very rare find in Norway, but common in old Danish areas, and she was also buried with several hundred tiny pearls, a type known only in a very few Norwegian cemeteries.

In some detail, Sauvage explains the nature of the find: “The pearls were centered on her right shoulder, but we do not know whether it was a pearl necklace or something else. That would be the case here.”

“However, textiles are the most extraordinary finds in the tomb.”

The FA urges fans not to jeer at the national team

The Football Association has issued a statement asking fans to respect the players’ desire to “knee” as a form of protest against racism, and urging them not to jeer before England’s Euro 2020 matches, which are currently taking place in 11 different countries.

“We are asking those who oppose this behavior to think about the message that reaches the players you are trying to support,” the FA said before the national team’s Euro match against Croatia at Wembley Stadium, on Sunday.

“Please respect their wishes, and remember that we must all be united in the fight against racial discrimination. We are all together,” he added.

“They will do their best for you, and please do what’s best for them.”

England players were booed by some fans ahead of two friendlies this month by kneeling, in a move made famous by a campaign against racism known as “Black Lives Matter”.

On Saturday, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson considered it a mistake to boo the England national team.

After the recent malfunctions, who controls the Internet infrastructure?

Last week, the world witnessed the absence of some of the most famous websites from the Internet, as a result of the failure of the servers of some major networks providing infrastructure services and websites.

The aforementioned malfunction caused users to be unable to access some sites of some international media such as the British “Guardian”, the American “New York Times”, and the French “Le Monde”, as well as various malfunctions in some social networking sites.

As for the list of social networks that were disrupted, it was “Snapchat” and “Reddit”, as well as some famous services such as the “Zoom” service for video calls.

By analyzing the market for infrastructure services necessary for accessing Internet services and websites to users, it turns out that there is a limited group of companies that dominate this huge market.

Withdrawal of information

In the world of cloud services, organizations and companies around the world have become mainly dependent on the idea of ​​storing their data with companies specialized in the cloud computing sector, to lift the burden of the idea of ​​securing and storing the data of users of their services, which is sometimes estimated to be in the millions of terabytes (a terabyte is equal to 1000 gigabytes). ).

With the growth of some players and their ability to achieve a wider spread than others, the monopoly entered this market, and the company “Amazon” and its cloud storage arm “AWS” became the main dominator in the market for providing cloud services to companies around the world, which is estimated to be worth more than 130 billion dollars. With a market share of 32%, according to a report by the statistical institution “Statista” at the end of the fourth quarter of last year.

Film censorship to ensure national security is not violated in Hong Kong

Hong Kong authorities announced, on Friday, that all films are subject to scrutiny, to ensure that they do not “violate national security”, under additional powers granted to the censorship body, in a new step in controlling political and artistic freedoms in the city.

The regional government said, in a statement, that “the film censorship law has been expanded to include any work or activity that may amount to a crime that poses a threat to national security.”

The new directives, which entered into force immediately, stated that “when considering the film as a whole, and the extent of its impact on viewers, the person performing the censorship mission must respect his duties to prevent any actions or activities that endanger national security.”

The statement noted “the common responsibility of the people of Hong Kong to safeguard the sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity of the People’s Republic of China.”

The new step means that the method of censorship of films used in mainland China has reached Hong Kong.

“An attack on freedom”
“This new censorship will make it more difficult for local filmmakers in Hong Kong to use their democratic rights to make artistic work and challenge unfair bodies of power,” Norwegian director Anders Hammer told AFP.

“It’s been two years since the pro-democracy protests began, and I regret to see another serious example of Beijing’s assault on civil liberties in Hong Kong,” added the director, who was nominated for an Oscar for his documentary “Do Not Split” on the Hong Kong protests.

Films are tightly censored in mainland China, where only a handful of Western commercial films and documentaries are allowed to be released each year, and Hong Kong’s “film censorship authority” has long been less strict.

A government spokesman stated that those responsible for censoring films will work to “balance between protecting individual rights and freedoms on the one hand, and protecting legitimate societal interests on the other.”

The authorities of Hong Kong, which enjoys semi-autonomous rule, launched a massive security campaign to root out opponents of Beijing after the city was rocked in 2019 by massive demonstrations punctuated by violence.

A new law imposed by China and an official campaign called “Patriots Rule Hong Kong” have criminalized most forms of dissent since then, and the pro-democracy movement has been clamped down, with films becoming the last target.

How did the Fed Chairman convince Wall Street investors of his position on inflation?

It appears that Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell and his colleagues have won, convincing investors that the current rise in consumer prices will not continue.

When news broke last Thursday that US inflation had risen to 5% in May for the first time since 2008, yields on the major 10-year Treasuries moved in the opposite direction, dropping to a three-month low of 1.43%.

While bond market metrics edged toward expected inflation, they remained well below this year’s high in May.

That upbeat reaction may be welcome news for Fed officials, ahead of next week’s interest rate meeting. Expectations prevail that officials will stick to a very accommodative monetary stance, in pursuit of the twin goals of maximum employment and average inflation at 2%. They have underestimated the risks that their policy could lead to a large and permanent price overshoot.

US central bankers have been repeating over and over the message that rising inflation will mostly be transitory, the result of temporary bottlenecks as the economy reopens, and low readings when the economy shut down a year ago.

Satisfaction of the markets
“The best, and most effective, thing the Fed has done is that they have remained consistent,” says Peter Yee, director of short-term fixed income and head of credit research at Northern Trust Asset Management, which oversees nearly $1 trillion. Tell them that it is transient.

In support of the Fed’s view, price increases in May were largely driven by categories in which supply or demand has skewed due to the reopening of the economy, from used cars and home furnishings to airline tickets and clothing.

“A lot of the items that have gone up were fleeting, more people in the market now feel comfortable going beyond these things,” Ye explains.

In a report to clients following the release of the May data, JPMorgan economist Daniel Silver agreed that the drivers of higher inflation remain mostly temporary, but added that “some smoothing is underway for price increases beyond these factors as well.” Referring in particular to the increase in rents.

Billionaire investor Stan Druckenmiller said the Fed’s easing measures have calmed investors with a false sense of security and distorted asset prices, adding to CNBC TV in an email: “Right now, the market isn’t talking.”

Federal Reserve officials stressed the importance of expectations when discussing the future of inflation. If people believe that prices are heading sharply upward, they act in ways that help achieve that, so the absence of financial market fears of high prices is undoubtedly comforting, but also limited, Policymakers – and perhaps Federal Deputy Governor Richard Clarida – are well aware that the bond market does not give a completely clear reading of expectations, even among investors, and can be bogged down by volumes traded, liquidity and other issues.

Cash flow
Financial analysts have attributed lower bond yields in recent days in part to investors who had previously bet on a move in the opposite direction covering short positions.

The massive cash flow into the money markets – a fact highlighted by the unprecedented use of the Federal Reserve’s reverse repo agreement – is also a factor likely to support demand for Treasuries. Even at these levels, US government debt provides a greater return than many other alternatives, including sovereign bonds in Japan and Europe.

Clarida, who served as a global strategy advisor at Pacific Investment Management before joining the Fed, is a “strong supporter” of the creation of a new Common Inflation Expectations Index developed by central bank staff.

The index consists of 21 different measures of inflation expectations, including some taken from the bond market, and is published quarterly. On this, Clarida said last month that the index was in line with the Fed’s target of a 2% inflation differential.

Incomplete index
Randall Quarles, the Fed’s other vice chairman, said he’s paying more attention to market surveys of inflation expectations than readings from the bond market.

During a webinar at the Brookings Institution on May 26, Quarles said, “Ultimately, what drives inflation is people’s expectations of what wages they will need. Surveys, not measures based on market conditions.

Next Friday, policy makers will get a new reading of consumption inflation expectations, when the latest survey from the University of Michigan is due. Last month, survey respondents said they expected inflation to average 4.6% in the next 12 months, the highest in a decade, although they did not expect it to remain that high in subsequent years.

“Currently, a psychologically significant growth in inflation is unlikely, but it cannot be entirely ruled out,” Richard Curtin, director of the survey, writes in a report released on May 28.

French writer wins Spain’s most prestigious literary prize

French writer Emmanuel Carrier won the “Princess of Asturias” award in Spain, one of the most prominent literary prizes in Spanish-speaking countries.

The jury awarded the prize to the French writer, who has authored many novels, including “The Opponent”, a “Russian Novel” and finally “Yoga”, “in recognition of his personal production, which created a new space for expression.”

The committee, chaired by Santiago Muñoz Machado, director of the Royal Spanish Academy, said Emmanuel Carrier paints “a vitriolic picture of current society and has a remarkable impact on our contemporary literature”.

“Without being a Spanish speaker, unfortunately for me, I have a taste for Spanish-language literature,” the French writer told AFP.

He added: “The greatest interest in my books is in Spanish-speaking countries, and this makes me very happy, and I feel a kind of affinity with Spanish readers.”

Emmanuel Carrier, 63, is considered one of the most prominent names in French literature today, and his credit is rich with a series of successes with literary publications that consistently top the list of best-selling novels.

Carrier won many awards during his career, including the Rinodo Prize in 2011 for his book “Limonov.” He practiced scriptwriting, worked as a journalist and actor, and was busy writing biographies and writing novels, in addition to being a cinematographer and documentary filmmaker.

Over the past 40 years, Carrier has enriched the literary library with works of fiction based on self-exploration, including accounts of the lives of others, from murderer Jean-Claude Romain in “The Adversary” to Russian writer Eduard Limonov in “Limonov”.

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