Sunday, May 16, 2021

The “Hope Probe” sends the first image of the red planet

The Emirates Mars Exploration Project announced that the “Hope Probe”, which successfully entered the orbit of Mars, last Tuesday, sent the first images it took of the red planet according to the established timelines, marking the beginning of the phase of collecting 1000 gigabytes of new data on the planet, for use in global science and the sector.

On this occasion, the Vice President of the UAE, Prime Minister and Ruler of Dubai, Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, tweeted on his Twitter account, saying: “From a height of 25 thousand km from the surface of the Red Planet … “.

The picture, taken at sunrise, shows the volcano “Olympus Munis”, which is the largest volcano on Mars, and the largest volcano in the solar system, and it was taken at an altitude of about 25,000 km above the surface of Mars. In the upper left of the image, the North Pole of Mars is visible,

Study the atmosphere
The “Hope Probe” also carries a second device, which is an infrared spectroscopy “EMIRS”, which measures the temperature, dust distribution, water vapor, and ice clouds in the lower atmosphere.

The device was developed to capture the integrated dynamics of the Martian atmosphere, using a scanning mirror to provide 20 images per session with a resolution of 100 to 300 km per pixel.

This spectrometer is intended to study Mars’ lower atmosphere in infrared bands, providing information from the lower atmosphere in conjunction with observations from the exploration camera.

As for the third device that the probe carried to study the planet Mars, it is the ultraviolet spectroscopy “EMUS”, which measures oxygen and carbon monoxide in the thermal layer of Mars and hydrogen and oxygen in the outer atmosphere of Mars. It is an ultraviolet scale designed to monitor the spatial and temporal changes of major components in the Martian thermosphere.

The UV spectrophotometer aims to determine the abundance and diversity of carbon monoxide and oxygen in the thermosphere on semi-seasonal time scales and to calculate the three-dimensional composition and the changing proportions of oxygen and hydrogen in the outer atmosphere.

Successful fourth stage
With the success in entering Mars’ orbit, which is the most difficult and dangerous stage of the probe’s mission, it will have completed its fourth major stage in its space journey since its launch on July 20, 2020, from the Tanegashima Space Center in Japan onboard the H2A missile, which is in order: The launch stage, the early operations stage, the space navigation stage, and the entry into orbit stage.

It has two phases remaining before it: the transition to the scientific orbit, and finally the scientific stage, where the probe begins its exploratory mission to monitor and analyze the climate of the Red Planet.

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