Monday, July 26, 2021

Women’s successes in technology and science

There are many women’s successes in technology and science, as well as in various fields and other disciplines, except that very few people know these women. It is true that the specialists know them, but we are talking about a broader and broader context.

And if women’s successes in technology and science and their rates of participation in these fields are increasing, this does not negate that men are the holders of the lion’s share of fame, to the extent that women are truly pioneering women who are not recognized by anyone.

Successes of women in technology and science
Hoping to uncover the efforts of these great women, the “entrepreneurs” will try to point to examples of brilliant women, and some of women’s successes in the field of technology and science, as follows .

Margaret Hamilton … pioneer of software engineering
Margaret worked as a director of the software engineering department at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) instrumentation laboratory, which developed flight software aboard the NASA Apollo Space Program and later founded two programming companies.

Margaret Hamilton has published more than 130 papers and reports on 60 projects and 6 major programs. It is she who is credited with coining the term “software engineering.”

On November 22, 2016, Hamilton received the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Barack Obama for her work that led to the development of flight software onboard the Apollo Lunar missions of NASA.

If we are talking about women’s successes in technology and science, Dr Fei-Fei Li is an excellent example of these successes, who works as a professor of computer science at Stanford University and is at the forefront of practicing artificial intelligence.

She held the position of Director of the Artificial Intelligence Lab at Stanford from 2013 to 2018, and while on leave from Stanford from January 2017 to September 2018, she held the position of Vice President of Google and the position of Chief Scientist for AI / ML at Google Cloud.

Dr. Fei Fei Li received her BA in Physics from Princeton University in 1999 with high honors, and a PhD in Electrical Engineering from Caltech in 2005. She joined Stanford University in 2009 as Assistant Professor.

Prior to this, she was a member of the faculty at Princeton University (2007-2009) and University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign (2005-2006).

It invented ImageNet and the ImageNet Challenge, a broad data set and benchmarking effort that contributed to the latest developments in deep learning and artificial intelligence.

In addition to her scientific contributions, she is a leading national voice in advocating for diversity in the fields of science, technology, engineering, mathematics, and artificial intelligence, and she is also one of the founders and chair of the national non-profit organization AI4ALL, which aims to increase inclusion and diversity in artificial intelligence education.

Ada Byron King .. the first computer programmer
This is also an outstanding and classic example of women’s successes in technology and science. Where Ada (the daughter of Lord Byron) was an English writer and mathematician, best known for her work on the Analytical Engine; It is a general-purpose mechanical computer proposal designed by Charles Babbage.

She was the first to realize that the machine had applications beyond mere computation and published the first algorithm that this machine could implement; Therefore, she was the first to know the full potential of a “calculator” and the first computer programmer.

Between 1842 and 1843, “Ada” translated an article by the Italian military engineer Luigi Menabria about the engine, adding to it a set of detailed notes, which contained what many consider to be the first computer program; Any algorithm designed to be executed by a device.

Her observations are important in the early history of computers, and she developed a vision of computers’ abilities to go beyond mere arithmetic or complex equations, while many others, including Babbage himself, focused only on those capabilities.

Maria Gaetana Anise … the first mathematician
Here is another example of women’s successes in technology and science: Maria is best known for the author of the first book discussing calculus, and she was also an honorary faculty member at the University of Bologna.

Maria is considered the first and most important mathematician since Hypatia of Alexandria, who lived in the fifth century AD.

Grace Hopper … the first woman to earn a Ph.D. in mathematics
Grace Hopper was the first woman to obtain a Ph.D. in Mathematics, she also became one of the pioneers in the field of software development, and made a significant contribution to the development of new programming techniques.

Grace Hopper became the first to realize the people of the potential benefits could gain from using computers, and it did much to put its ideas into practice.

She realized that making computers easier to use would increase her popularity among ordinary people, and in this way, she made her contribution to the computer revolution and made computers more available.

These are some examples of women’s successes in technology and science, and there is no doubt that there are many pioneering models that deserve to be pointed out and celebrated.

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